THE 3D ORTHODONTIST

             The Modern Orthodontist's Source 
            for Information on 3D Technologies

CBCT Machines

In my opinion, the most important feature to consider when buying a CBCT scanner for orthodontic use is the scanner's largest field of view (FOV).  The scanner's FOV determines how much of the patient's anatomy you will be able to visualize.  (See the illustration below). 

Scanners using flat panel detectors (FPD) describe the dimensions of their cylindrical FOVs as height by width (HxW).  (Width can also be referred to as diameter).  Scanners using image intensifiers and CCDs as their detectors (II/CCD) describe the dimensions of their spherical FOVs as cm3. I have grouped the scanners below into three categories based on their largest unstitched FOV. 

A scanner with a large FOV will show you the roof of the orbits and Nasion down to the hyoid bone.  Scanners with a large FOV, usually a FOV height equal to or greater than 16 cm, are useful for cephalometrics and traditional orthodontic surveys.  (Based on a typical adult male).

Medium FOV
scanners will capture the middle of the orbits down to Menton vertically, and condyle-to-condyle horizontally.  Scanners with a medium FOV are useful for panos and implant surveys, but not for cephalometric analysis. 

Scanners with a small FOV capture a user-defined region, usually symmetrical in shape.  Small FOV scanners are used for implant surveys, TMJ surveys, and the localization of impacted teeth.



Some combo scanners also come with attachments for conventional 2D lateral head films and/or panoramic radiographs.

It is also worth noting that some third-party software can "stitch" two small or medium FOV scans together to digitally obtain a larger FOV, (e.g., Anatomage's InVivoDental, Dolphin Imaging's Dolphin 3D, etc.).

Click on the model's name below to be directed to these third-party websites:

LARGE FOV CBCT SCANNERS

 Model Manufacturer
Max. FOV (HxW) (cm)
Min. Voxel (mm)
2D Options
 Notes
 i-CAT FLX Imaging Sciences International  17x23  0.125  Pano  QuickScan+ option allows for ultra-low dose exposures
 Next Generation (Platinum) i-CAT
 Imaging Sciences International
 17x23
0.125
Pano
 
 Classic i-CAT
Imaging Sciences International
16x22
0.2
No  
 NewTom 3G
QR srl 20x20x20
0.2
No
 
 CB MercuRay Hitachi Medical
20x20x20
0.2
No Discontinued in USA - No link available
 Quolis Alphard 3030
Asahi Roentgen (Belmont)
 18x20
0.125
No
 
 3D eXam
KaVo
 17x23
 0.125
 ?  
 Kodak 9500  CareStream
18x21
 0.2
No
Also available in a MFOV 
 ProMax 3D Max
 Planmeca 16x23
 0.1
No
Can obtain a stitched 26x23 cm FOV & upgradable to ProFace 3D Photos
 WhiteFox  Acteon Group 17x20   0.1 No   
Master 3DS VATECH 19X20  0.164  No  
 PaX-Zenith3D VATECH 19x24 0.08   Pano  Pending FDA Approval
 NewTom 5G QR srl  16x18  0.075 No  Developed by QR srl 
MEDIUM FOV CBCT SCANNERS

 Model  Manufacturer  Max. FOV (HxW) (cm)
Min. Voxel (mm)
2D Options
Notes
 CS 9300  CareStream 13.5x17  0.09   Pano/Ceph Ceph option is an upgrade
 i-CAT Precise Imaging Sciences International   8x14 0.125  Pano   Rebranded GXCB-500
NewTom 9000
 Aperio Services
15x15x15
0.3
No
 Discontinued - No link available
NewTom VGi
QR srl 15x15
0.075
No
 
NewTom VGi Flex QR srl 15x15 0.15
No  Intended for mobile use
 ProMax 3D Mid Planmeca   9x16  0.1 Pano/Ceph  Can obtain a stitched 16x16 cm FOV 
Galileos Compact
Sirona
 12x15x15 0.3
No
 
Galileos Comfort
Sirona
 15x15x15 0.15 No
 
 Scanora 3D  Soredex 7.5x14.5  0.133 Pano
Can obtain a stitched 13x14.5 cm FOV 
 SkyView  MyRay  15x15x15  0.16 No  
 GXCB-500  Gendex 8x14
(using EDS)

 0.125 No Powered by i-CAT
 GXCB-500 HD  Gendex  8x14
(using EDS)
 0.125 Yes   Powered by i-CAT
 MiniCAT  Xoran Technologies
12x17
 0.2 No
 
 Picasso-Trio VATECH 7x12 0.2
Pano/Ceph
 
 PaX-Duo3D VATECH 12x8.5 0.08
Pano 
 
 Iluma IMTEC (3M)
14X21
0.09
No
 xCAT ENT
Xoran Technologies
14x24 0.4
No Specialized for intraoperative use
PaX-Reve3D  VATECH  15x15  0.08  Pano/Ceph   Optional 15x19 FOV
 3D Accuitomo 170
 J. Morita
12x17
0.08
No

SMALL FOV CBCT SCANNERS

 Model Manufacturer
 Max. FOV (HxW) (cm)
Min. Voxel (mm)
 2D Options
 Notes
ProMax 3D  Planmeca 8x8 0.1
Pano/Ceph
 Can obtain a stitched 13x14 cm FOV
ProMax 3D s  Planmeca 8x5 0.1  Pano/Ceph   Can obtain a stitched 13x9 cm FOV
Orthophos XG-3D   Sirona  8x8 0.1  Pano/Ceph   
PreXion 3D 
PreXion, Inc.
8x7.5 0.1
No
Previously owned by TeraRecon. (Marketed as FineCube by Yoshida Dental in Japan)
 PreXion3D Elite PreXion, Inc. 8x7.5  0.1  No  Includes CLEARimage Scanning Technology 
 AUGE ZIO
Asahi Roentgen
7x8 0.125
 Pano/Ceph This model comes in 6 versions with varying features
 Kodak 9000 3D  CareStream
4x5 0.076
Pano
 
 Kodak 9000 3DC  CareStream
4x5
0.076 Pano/Ceph

 PaX-500ECT VATECH 5x5  0.186 Pano/Ceph
Available only in Latin America 
PaX-Uni3D  VATECH 5x8 0.08 Pano/Ceph
Available only in Canada 
PaX-Flex3D  VATECH  5X8 0.12  Pano/(Ceph Optional) Available only in South Korea
Can obtain a stitched 5x12 cm
 GXDP-700 Gendex   6x8 0.2   Pano/Ceph  
 CB Throne Hitachi Medical
 10x10x10 0.125
No
Not available in the USA
3D Accuitomo
J. Morita
 3x4 0.125 No Uses a II/CCD sensor
3D Accuitomo FPD
J. Morita
 6x6 0.125
No Uses FPD sensor
 3D Accuitomo 80
J. Morita
 8x8 0.08
No

 Veraviewepocs 3D 40
J. Morita
 4x8 0.125 Pano/Ceph
Various configurations available
 Veraviewepocs 3D 80
J. Morita
 8x8 0.125
Pano/Ceph
 Various configurations available
 Veraviewepocs 3De
J. Morita
 4x8 0.125
Pano/Ceph
 Various configurations available
Suni3D Suni Medical Imaging 5x8 0.08 Pano/Ceph
Cranex 3D  Soredex  6x8  0.2 Pano/Ceph   Various configurations available 
 Orthopantomograph OP300 Instrumentarium  6x8 0.2  Pano/Ceph   
ORION RCB-888 Ritter Imaging 8.5x8.5 0.1 No
Finecube XP62 Yoshida 7.5x8.1 0.1 No Marketed as PreXion 3D by PreXion Inc. in the USA
 I-Max Touch 3D Owandy   8x8 0.156  Pano/Ceph   

Please feel free to use the lists above from my website.  I only ask that you credit my website when doing so since it takes countless hours to compile and maintain these lists.

Am I missing a cone-beam CT scanner or do you have a correction?  Click here to let me know.


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